Water lies at the heart of adaptation to climate change and serves as a crucial link between climate systems, human society, and the environment. It is a finite and irreplaceable resource that is fundamental to human well-being. Various necessary adaptation measures that deal with climate change have the potential to create resilience to climate change and enhance water security. Sustainable governance of available surface and groundwater resources is key to solving water problems.
To achieve water sustainability, we must promote the restoration and protection of freshwater ecosystems. This can involve measures such as reducing pollution, implementing sustainable land use practices, and creating protected areas for aquatic species. Additionally, we must adapt to the climate change crisis by improving water efficiency, investing in water infrastructure, and developing new water sources. This can involve measures such as implementing water reuse and recycling programs, upgrading water treatment facilities, and investing in desalination technologies.